tv The Seventies CNN December 24, 2018 12:00am-1:00am PST
perhaps this is because confronting the problem of violence forces us to confront the most serious defects of our society. it's probably the most culturally important event in america. it's one of a whole new generation of freaks. >> it's what guys seem to get off on, revenge. >> it's the sound, your soul, pleasure, you can bet your bottom we have them, baby. >> unless you've been living in a cave, you notice america's greatest craze is disco dancing. >> its purpose is to promote violence, sex and destruction in that order. >> you are rock and roll. pure stamina. ♪ ♪
group, is dead. he was 27. >> the early years of the '70s were sad in music because you lose people, and you lose the beatles. >> this small gathering is only the beginning. the event is so momentous that historians may view it as a landmark of the decline of the british empire. the beatles are breaking up. >> it was like a death for a lot of people. rock and roll as we understood it in the 19060s was no longer with us. >> one day what i'm doing here with no drummers and no nothing like that, you might know i lost the old band or i left it. ♪ imagine there's no heaven, it's easy if you try ♪ ♪ >> for so long you wait for the next beatles album to see where
music was going. we just hoped the music they would come up with individually would be that good. >> i don't no longer have to -- the beatles need an album. you and paul write 20 songs tomorrow kind of thing. i just write when i feel like it. ♪ imagine all the people ♪ >> yoko, you've been called the dragon lady who brought the beatles apart. >> will you please give her the credit for all the nice music that george made and ringo made and paul made since we broke up? she did it. [ applause ] >> the fact is yoko ono did not break up the beatles. time broke up the beatles. money broke up the beatles. business broke up the beatles. the desire to do their own stuff broke up the beatles. >> he's a fresher heavier beatle. kids come to his concert and they don't scream any more, they listen. >> john len on and paul mccartney made music in their
own ways that focused on the fact they were deeply in love with a woman. ♪ but i'm not the only one ♪ >> mccartney went home, he plays all the instruments on his own, the cozy domesticity, beautiful, wonderful warm music. >> it's going to look roughly like this. this is our first showing of it. this is just the mock up, folks. and it's going to be called ringo's -- >> i sell records and it doesn't matter if i've been the beatles or not. if he don't like the record, they won't buy it. >> ringo who, to this day, people dismiss way too much, had tremendous success in the '70s. and george harrison who had been stockpiling these amazing songs explodes like a super nova, all things must pass. may be the greatest beatle solo album of all. ♪ you don't need no passport and you don't need no visas ♪ ♪ >> over the years, i had so many
songs mounting up. i only do one or two albums. >> were you held down by the other fellas? >> well, subtly, yes. ♪ ♪ >> i'd just like to thank you for coming here. it's a special benefit concert. ♪ ♪ >> robby shank heart went to george harrison and said this terrible thing is happening. what can we do? that created the first major superstar benefit concert ever done. >> the concert for bangladesh was the grand daddy of all issue-themed concerts. not only did you get george harrison, you got eric clapton. >> it put two beatles on the stage again. it was unparalleled at the time, it may still be unparalleled. ♪ ♪
[ cheers and applause ] >> a great deal of music of the '70s was people who had succeeded in the '60s, finding new ways to express themselves in the '70s. >> have you any idea why your group particularly has lasted as long as it has? >> because we stayed together, i suppose. >> for a few years, the rolling stones had taken a lot of casualties. >> david wasn't going to be around that long. not everybody makes it. >> they were fighting for like, where do we secure our foothold now? ♪ ♪ >> 1971, the rolling stones leave their home for tax purposes to go live in france and record this record, "exile on main street" in a hot
uncomfortable muddy-sounding studio. ♪ ♪ >> that record is the embodiment of a band making masterpieces on a daily basis. and i remember reading the review saying, this is like a debauched album. i don't even know what debauched means, but i have to get some of this debauchery stuff. ♪ ♪ ♪ >> having come out of the '60s, which was its own animal, the '70s had to show a new scakin. it had to shed the old one. ♪ ♪ >> i was never confident of my
voice. just sing. i'd like to kind of portray the songs. ♪ when i turn myself to face me, and i never caught a glimpse ♪ ♪ >> david bowie has always been a game changer. he's taken the promise of rocket beatles kicked off, and he's taken it interesting places for others to follow. ♪ ♪ changes, pretty soon you're going to get older ♪ ♪ time may change me, i can't change time ♪ ♪ brighthouse financial
right? but hurry offer ends soon. ♪ this year i took some time off from touring and went off on some adventures of my own, and this is kind of a letter back home. ♪ ♪ ♪ um, california, oh, california, i'm coming home ♪ ♪ oh, make me feel good rock and roll band, i'm your biggest fan ♪ ♪ california, i'm coming home ♪ >> you look to the horizon that you want to move toward, and
that horizon was here in l.a. >> that's where the record companies were. and lots of sun. >> the way i got to california was just really simple. i got there in a '57 chevy by skipping the finals that year in college. >> virtually no one was from southern california. they're all drawn to the light, and the light is the trubidor club. >> things happened until we played the troubadour club. >> it happened on the first night. >> every great song writer i can think of came through the troubadour. linda ronstadt, james taylor. >> the big c-change was people writing their own songs and expressing themselves. >> is it difficult to present to so many people? why do you do this? >> i have an obligation to myself and to people too t try share myself maybe as honestly
as i can. ♪ i left my folk and friends with the aim to clear my mind out ♪ ♪ oh, oh ♪ well, i hit the rowdy road and many times i met there ♪ ♪ many stories told me of the ways to get there ♪ ♪ ooh, ooh ♪ so on and on i go, take the time-out ♪ ♪ there's so much left to know when i'm road to find out ♪ ♪ >> everyone was just trying to do whatever came into their head. >> the other guy is pulling -- we wanted to be the gotham and king of england. it was big those days. >> we had no idea who these people were, mr. king, who had written all these songs that the beatles did. i'm into something good, which was part of the british invasion. we did discover it was a
remarkable woman, carol king. >> carol king made the transition from basically being behind the scenes woman to a start her own writing. ♪ i feel the earth move under my feet ♪ ♪ i feel the sky tumbling down ♪ i feel my heart start to tremble whenever you're around ♪ ♪ >> carol king is the embodiment of what happens because in the '60s, she is trying to write hit songs for other people, and then in the '70s, with tapestry, it's the definition of an album of self-expression. let me go into my house in laurel canyon and tell you about my life. >> after church, you always went out for pancakes. if you were lucky enough to ride in one of the girls' cars, you know what you're listening to? "tapestry." ♪ ♪ >> there was a lot of very
important women who were some of the most significant writers and contributors to music at the time. >> we're going to do a song written by my friend john davidson, who is my favorite california song writer, and one of my favorite singers. it's called "faithless love." >> she was in many ways my greatest collaborator. i mean, i became a professional song writer because the best voice of my generation was doing my songs. ♪ ♪ rain drops falling ♪ >> for my money, linda was under rated. her singing power and style and emotion. ♪ ♪
♪ faithless love ♪ like a river flows ♪ >> there are articles that identify me with the l.a. sound. me and jackson brown and the eagles. we need some new blood in this town, you know? we're starting to get stale. ♪ ♪ >> the original fleetwood mac was a full piece full-on blues band. >> the english band became a jewel citizenship band. as americans, they were british. ♪ ♪ >> we had an album out about two years previous to joining fleetwood mac. nick liked the music and they asked us to join.
>> fleetwood mac, first stevie and lyndsay album for sure changed our lives. we had arrived. ♪ ♪ >> before being rich and famous in california. ♪ ♪ >> records sometimes bore an audience. oh, well, they're not going to have another hit. or this one isn't as good as that. >> record companies were frothing at the mouth, and the imaging of the band was becoming a whole thing. so we were getting ready to make rumors with everyone falling apart. ♪ ♪ ♪ loving you isn't the right
thing to do ♪ ♪ have to change things ♪ >> it was five people, five independent quite strong minded, quite stubborn individuals. ♪ ♪ >> two lovely couples, john and chris, married. their marriage was on the rocks, and stevie and lyndsay might as well have been married. that all was falling apart. ♪ ♪ you can go your own way ♪ go your own way ♪ you can go your own way ♪ >> we were testifying, and rumors became the church. [ cheers and applause ] g to get.
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>> how long have you been singing? >> three years. >> you went to grab it right away, snatch it out of my hand. >> michael was precocious. he knew he was cute. you would watch him go from that to commanding a stage in front of 15,000 people. amazing. ♪ ♪ ♪ won't you please let me back in your heart ♪ ♪ >> the only american group to have four consecutive number one records. ♪ ♪ [ cheers and applause ] >> the first time young black kids had their beatles. >> hey, man. >> you don't know? the jackson five. >> that's us. >> and that's no jive.
>> the jacksons were the last act from the classic motown hitsville system. >> motown was a very unique place because a lot of record companies were being run by businessmen. we had a music man at the helm. >> berry gordy was a song writer. he made music for the world. >> ironically, he was trying his best to make black music that would cross over to the white world. he ended up making the greatest black music ever. he created a machine. when you take the artist ands polish them up and make them a great package, they can play the ed sullivan show and kill. >> back in the '60s, marvin gaye wanted to be frank sinatra. >> he was clean shaven, de bona ire. that was back in the '70s. >> why can't i make a record like the beat lles? i'm selling records like they sell. why can't i have that artistic expression? ♪ ♪
♪ talk to me, only you can see ♪ what's going on ♪ what's going on ♪ yeah, what's going on ♪ tell me what's going on ♪ ooh ♪ >> marvin gaye was affected by the vietnam war. his brother was in vietnam. he was hearing stories going on there. he's seeing the protest here and it's changing him. >> he holds up a mirror to america. look at yourselves, america. >> he's talking about the war, he's talking about poverty, he was an artist in the way berry gordy is not super happy about. ♪ ♪ everybody thinks we're wrong, they do ♪ ♪ >> initially berry gordy didn't want marvin to do "what's going on." >> you have marvin gaye making a protest record about the war.
that could ruin money. you don't lightly talk about the government. ♪ yes, i wanna know what's going on right now, people ♪ ♪ >> ultimately when he agrees to put out what's going on, berry tells marvin, okay, if you're right, i'll learn something. and if i'm right, you'll learn something. and, of course, as berry will say, i learned something. >> every artist at motown was suddenly also wanted to try their chance at freedom. >> when people say soul, they put you in one category. they say, he's a soul artist. that's all they expect for to you sing and that's all they want to you sing. that's not true. soul is being able to express yourself. >> stevie wonder went to berry gordy and he negotiated his creative freedom, and he used every bit of it. ♪ ♪ ♪ there is superstitious writing
on the wall ♪ ♪ >> stevie wonder making the greatest records anybody made in america back to back to back. >> it's the equivalent of shooting a perfect shot from half-court with your eyes closed. music in my mind. oh, he made it. he ain't gonna do it again. oh, my god, he did it. then suddenly songs -- ♪ ♪ >> what the beatles did in the '60s, i feel stevie wonder was the person to do that for music in the '70s. ♪ ♪ [ cheers and applause ] >> hi there, and welcome on
board. you're right on time for a beautiful trip on the soul train. what's your treasure is this? you bet your bottom we got them, baby. >> soul train finally offered america its first view of afro centricity. it was a new idea to say black is beautiful. >> we went home from church to see soul train. it was the one reliable place to see the artists you love. >> there's no question soul train broke a lot of artists and introduced a lot of artists so audiences that they had never performed for. ♪ ♪ >> ten years before he did the moon walk, michael jackson debuted the robot in 1973 on soul train. >> people had done the robot before, but there was a way that he did it. it was faster, it was sharper, and it was street.
rock, the music that infuriated so many people in the '50s and '60s, the music so many thought too loud, vulgar and dangerous to our morals. rock has not only refused to go away, it has become an institution. ♪ ♪ [ cheers and applause ] >> it was a big deal because in a decade that was dominated by a type of rock and roll begins with r and ends with a c, they were willing to go on and play with them on their terms. >> the '60s were too hi ppi e. now we have to up it a notch. ♪ ♪ >> the audiences come to expect a standard of performance, a quality and staging. they come to expect a show. ♪ ♪
>> the '70s, the groups became more theatrical. they realized just giving them the music isn't enough. we have to give them something to look at. >> more naked people, more miss behavior, moreover the top stuff going on, just more. >> playing stadiums was too unreal. there would just be a sea of -- ♪ ♪ ♪ >> stadium tours, people got to hear music at the same time. what they did was force the musicians to play to the back of the hall. >> in the '70s, that distance
between the performer on stage and the audience grew. >> if you went to any of the bigger rock shows, it was always about the star of here and the audience down here, and this sort of iconography of the rock stars. >> this huge figure. ♪ ♪ [ cheers and applause ] >> it was bound to happen, but it comes as a shock nevertheless. in a poll taken by a leading pop music magazine in england, the beatles came in second. the most popular rock group in england these days is called the led zepplin. >> in their 20s, they are rich, powerful, temperamental and pampered. they are the led zepplin, a rock group on tour, and in the vernacular of the record biz, where to be big is nothing, zepplin is very big. to get around, zepplin uses a chartered 707, the kind of plane president nixon uses.
but the president's plane doesn't have an organ nor a 15 a-foot mirrored bar, nor two bedrooms and a fireplace. >> i'm a bit upset there is not a pool table on board, but apart from that, i think it's the best way to travel. >> americans are now spending $2 billion a year on music. that's 700 million more than the whole movie industry grosses for ticket sales in one year. about three times the amount of money taken in by all spectator sports. >> rock and roll is no different than ibm, xerox, sarah lee. supply and demand is the same business. >> rock and roll had been a novelty business. in the '70s, it becomes the main event. it has repercussions in all sorts of positive and negative ways. >> the total cost of this tour is 3 1/2 million dollars.
the gross of the tour is a million dollar. so it's a living. >> it was so decadent and over the top, and money just -- being thrown against the wall. >> a hypocrite, i feel consistently evoking the ideas of young people and bouncing off the ideas of young people, taking young people's money and putting it in your pocket, you know? and really what you are is you're a middle aged family man and it's only the hypocrisy that i'm worried about. ♪ ♪ >> bruce springsteen was trying to reclaim the soul of rock and roll by going back to basic. >> using emblem from the past that were kind of being discarded from at that point. ♪ ♪ >> using a sound that was not what was on the radio, and was not what was mainstream rock. ♪ ♪
>> bruce springsteen created his own counter culture. it just speaks exactly to the american spirit. you couldn't hate it on the head more than bruce springsteen did. ♪ ♪ >> born to run was a towering statement in the middle of the '70s. it was the cover of time and "newsweek." >> bruce did not like it at the time. me, on the other hand, my friend is on the cover of time and "newsweek." this is cool. >> when born to run comes out in 1975, the desire to really escape the claustrophobia of the 1970s, it is an anthem to save your soul. [ cheers and applause ] my name is jeff sheldon,
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legendary space in soho called the loft. i thought that was one of the most utopian scenes. >> he took the art form of playing the records and how he curated the records. he might play isaac hayes' record, he might play a salsa record. it wasn't so much about a style as it was an esthetic of dancing. >> all types of people there, people dance, people pop up and down, get high, stay here all night. >> why are people dancing again? >> i wish i knew. but i'm glad it's happening. ♪ ♪ >> what we now know as disco really starts with a band called the tramps, the drummer real young and on the floor with 8 on the high hat. so everything is, bam, bam, bam.
♪ turn, baby turn ♪ burn, baby burn ♪ burn, baby burn ♪ >> i love disco. i always love dance music anyway because whatever i did as a producer was always danceable. >> okay, here we go. hear the melody. >> george working out of munich put together technology and soulful vocalists. donna summer being the ultimate embodiment and make some of the biggest records of all-time. ♪ ♪ >> love to love you, baby, was four minutes of singing, 14 minutes of a lot of not singing. ♪ oh, love to love you, baby ♪ oh, ♪ >> i always wondered for the life of me, like, was he just in
the booth, more passion. >> actually, i saw everybody out of the studio switch the lights off, made sure that the tape is running, and i said, okay, let's do it. and i think she did it in ten minutes. >> the donna summer records were some of the biggest records of all time, and they kicked off a revolution. ♪ ♪ i wanna do it till the sun comes up ♪ >> unless you've been living in a sealed cage, you probably notice america's latest craze is disco dancing. that's dancing without a g. >> what is disco? >> snuffy, where have you been? ♪ my boogie shoes ♪ >> disco and what they generate with the records, we are talking about an estimated 4 billion,
that's with a b, $4 billion a year. >> i remember really being upset about this word, disco. it was r & b music to me and i felt like they stripped it and gave it a new name, giving credit where i think the credit was supposed to go. >> do it again. bring that sound in, that's great. yeah. okay. 1, 2, 3, 4. ♪ ♪ >> did the beegees always like soul? they always had r & b leanings. >> the bee gees did what pop stars do. they got what was going on. ♪ oh, oh, staying alive ♪ oh, oh, oh, staying alive ♪ >> this is the scene outside a disco called studio 54. this is the place that's in with the disco crowd.
>> i have been to goat ropings and space shots. i've been in a lot of strange places and seen a lot of strange things, but nothing stranger than studio 54 at the height of its popularity in the '70s. ♪ ♪ >> it's where you come when you want to escape. it's really escapism. >> in the front door, that spot was insane. i walked by and watch the people not get in. because that was fun, too. >> it doesn't matter. if you're not shaved, listen, just go home. >> you had to be selected, you had to be chosen to get in. >> we can't let in everybody who wants to come in. i wish we could. ♪ oh, freak out ♪ freak out ♪ >> the great chic led by bernard, goes to 54 to get in, and they don't. so they write a song. ♪ ♪
>> it was kind of a disk for studio 54, projecting it. the part where they say "freak out" actually began as something else. ♪ ♪ >> it went from something off to freak off to being freak out. ♪ just come on out to 54 and find a spot on the floor ♪ ♪ oh, freak out ♪ >> that's probably the best they ever came out, studio 54 was probably that song. >> disco was a revolutionary force. funk marries disco and it leads to hip-hop. ♪ ♪ >> it's 1979, i heard chic's good times come on. and i just kept hearing someone talk in the song. >> i said, hip, hop, hip, hop, you don't stop.
boogedy-bang-bang. and me, the groove and my friends are gonna try to move your feet. >> what's great about this song is that's where hip-hop gets its fame from. >> we didn't know the name of the song was called rapper's delight. next day i went to the record store. y'all got hip-hop? >> what's that hip-hop song? it was the first hip-hop song to crack the top 40. it changed everything. >> rappers delight 1979 opens this incredible door to the last new american art form, which is hip-hop. today is the day you're going to get motivated...
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audible. the most inspiring minds. the most compelling stories. text "listen5" to 500500 to start your free trial today. ♪ [ bleep ] ♪ >> detroit 1969 is where punk was originally born. >> eddie and the stooges released two pioneering albums that indicates there is a new style of music coming back. it's a garage rock, it's minimalist. it's aggressive. it's loud, and it's very often obnoxious. ♪ ♪
>> punk rock was so f-ing scary to us because here we are with our big majestic songs, and here comes punk with -- ♪ ♪ >> the ramons get started. there is a reaction to everything else going on. people see them, they go, this is the answer. ♪ hey, ho, let's go ♪ >> this is how rock and roll is supposed to be done. >> how should it be done? >> no pyrotechnics, no phony, just pure rock and roll, pure stamina. ♪ ♪ >> it's just real and roar and there's no crap involved. >> as opposed to the standard
slop we hear on top 40. >> there was a wider scene. >> you had patty smith. >> i'm an artist. rock and roll is my art. >> the new york dolls [ bleep ]. >> what's up, sweetheart? >> you're rock and roll, anybody can play. >> i belong to the blank generation. >> richard hell was the first to cut his hair. he was safety pinning his clothes together. >> he was the king of the punk. >> safety pin was his, it was pretty clear he invented that. >> punk in the united states is a musical elaboration, statement of sorts of how music is and how it ought to be played. in england, punk rock is not a statement, it's a social one. >> it's the home territory, here on kings row in the middle of london. the same street that launched the mini skirt, and the look and mood of the swinging '60s. >> it belongs to punk rockers. >> what's this like? >> nothing.
>> there is no future for a kid now. i mean there isn't. >> there is an indigenous anger and frustration that drove a lot of punk on and got a lot of young people behind it. ♪ ♪ >> it's said to be a political group. >> yeah, i have said it. it's true. >> if there were jobs, maybe we'd be singing about love and kissing or something. >> the clash, it souzaadoesn't like traditional punk, but it doesn't sound like clash either. ♪ ♪ >> punk was, i think, a kind of wide umbrella, and that wider included people who were a little more complex in their musical performance style. people aren't going to buy something you call punk. they might buy it if you call it new wave.
>> you have a lot of that punk rock these days. can we have your thoughts on that? >> just call it new wave. by calling it punk, you're automatically putting a boundary around what's possible. fans like talking heads excellent. >> talking heads was the college band. they did a sophisticated spiky music that reflected who they were and particularly reflected the fascinating individual david byrne would emerge to become. >> i wrote a song about urban guerrillas from the point of view of their daily lives instead of from a point of view of their politics. ♪ ♪ >> this area of new wave music was where the stars of the 1980s are going to come from. >> what makes the '70s so special is that there is still a sense of naivete. the innocence that music could
really make a difference in your life. ♪ this ain't no party, this ain't no disco, this ain't no fooling around ♪ ♪ this ain't no -- or >> you pick any genre you like and the best music made in that genre is made in the 1970s, and you'll have a hard time proving me wrong. >> what was great about a me decade is it allowed the greatest artist of our times to do their greatest work because they were really exploring. that's as deep as popular art ever gets. ♪ i might not ever get home ♪ this ain't no party ♪ this ain't no disco ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ i love to hold you ♪ i love to kiss you ♪ i ain't got time for that now ♪ ♪
♪ the outgoing defense secretary forced to depart two months early. the president frustrated by the critical resignation letter from jim mattis. >> it is possible the shutdown will go beyond the 28th and into the new congress. it is day three of the christmas government shutdown. the sides remain far apart on the president's demand to fund the border wall. and this, the treasury secretary trying to reassure investors after the worst week for stocks in a decade. what steve mnuchin told the world about his conversation with the